- Both concepts of Smart City and industry 4.0 share common features and obey to similar constraints and obligations. For instance, both remain dependent on their socioeconomic context and the extent of technological modernization process of their working systems. Such systems may cover the entire structure of a factory or a city or only a part of it. In a city, only few districts, buildings or homes may become using automation software to manage energy, water, food and other supplies consumption and provision. Industry 4.0 factories are also of such varieties of scales and remain relevant of the extension and complexity on which they are configured out.
- A corpus is a “reasoned” set of texts governed by an internal coherence that can be constituted according to different modalities and structured according to several methods and approaches. The corpora pose a number of practical and epistemological questions that refer to their typologies, structures and modes of organization, but also to the conditioning of methodological paradigms related to their analysis and exploitation. Enriched by incessant numerical advances, the corpora are quickly the subject of dedicated standards proposed by research communities in the current of the Digital Humanities.
- Digital accessibility is a concept encompassing a large set of aspects including disability. Accessibility covers in facts other aspects like multilingual and multicultural facets as well as nomadicity in terms of access constraints to remote information. Physical accessibility of disabled people to digital resources is becoming a core question when it affects communication capacities using computer interfaces and multimedia resources. For this respect, the Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) 2.0 produced by W3C provide a wide range of recommendations for making Web content more accessible.
- The teaching method developed by Shinichi Suzuki is based on learning music according to the same concepts as learning the "mother tongue". His pedagogy has developed into an international movement that has contributed to the evolution of the theories on the education of children.
- Cyborg and AI, the programmed fusion between man and machine. The imagination of science fiction has given a certain image of what we call "cyborg", as well as machines with a very advanced "intelligence", even surpassing the human being. These two domains tend to approach, inexorably, between the "mechanization" of man and the "humanization" of machines, both physically and in the "mind".
In the history of science and techniques, the rules of innovation are very rarely defined on basis of the tools nature or ingenuity. Instead, Human is at the center of any process of technical evolution. Guided by an instinctive need for survival or a constraint of use, he invents instruments and adapts them for practical purposes. Like any other technical or pedagogical device, MOOCs are tools representing a new evolution form in the transmission modes of knowledge.
Learning computer code at school is another challenge for digital natives. The subject is a key issue in the ongoing debates about introducing digital sciences in basic schools curricula in many European countries.
On Friday April 8th, 2016, Mr. Bruce E. Peoples has defended his PhD dissertation at Paris 8 university. His work obtained the mention “very honorable distinction with unanimous congratulations from the jury (Très honorable avec félicitations du jury). The least we can say about his dissertation is that it is an original and innovative contribution to researchers and standards experts working in the field of e-Learning and ITLET standards (Information Technologies for Learning, Education and Training).
The semantic content is an essential constituent of the models of innovative teaching methods. It is gradually built on the basis of normative efforts of various actors in the areas of the technological industry, telecommunications, information technology, language engineering, science information and documentation etc. Semantic networking represents actually an advanced step of a long process of digital information analysis since computer coding to semantic tagging and data retrieving.
In November 2015, a new version of the Canadian Normetic 2.0 application profile for educational metadata has just been published by the "Groupe de travail québécois sur les normes et standards en TI pour l’apprentissage, l’éducation et la formation" (GTN- Quebec).